09Sep2018

Brazil’s Biggest Meteorite Survives Museum-Destroying Fire

After a catastrophic fire blazed through the National Museum of Brazil destroying many of the institution’s 20 million artifacts, the museum’s meteorites were some of the few relics left standing.

Outside spectators watch the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro burn.

Two hundred years of work—and millions of priceless specimens—have been destroyed in a preventable tragedy.

Among the space rocks that survived the blaze is the Bendegó meteorite, which is the largest meteorite ever found on Brazilian soil. The iron-nickel meteorite is one of about a dozen meteorites housed at the museum.

Discovered by a cattle farmer near the town of Monte Santo in the Brazilian state of Bahia in 1784, the Bendegó meteorite weighs about 11,600 lbs. (5,260 kilograms). That’s more than twice as much as an average car, all packed into a space rock the size of a motorcycle. At the time of the object’s discovery, it was the second-largest meteorite ever found.

An artist's illustration depicts the transportation of the Bendegó meteorite from the Brazilian town of Monte Santo to Rio de Janeiro in 1784.

An artist’s illustration depicts the transportation of the Bendegó meteorite from the Brazilian town of Monte Santo to Rio de Janeiro in 1784. Credit: Photo12/UIG/Getty

When the locals first attempted to transport the meteorite to the nation’s capital using a wooden cart pulled by oxen, an accident sent the hefty space rock tumbling downhill and splashing into a stream, according to the museum’s description. The rock stayed there for another century, until Brazil Emperor Pedro II had it removed and relocated to the museum, where it has been on display since 1888.

Many other priceless artifacts were in the museum during the fire, including the 11,000-year-old skull of a Paleoindian woman named “Luzia,” the reconstructed skeleton of a huge dinosaur known as the Maxakalisaurus and several Egyptian mummies.

The Bendegó meteorite sits on display inside the entrance of the National Museum of Brazil.

The Bendegó meteorite sits on display inside the entrance of the National Museum of Brazil. Credit: Erwan Le Bourdonnec/AFP/Getty

Officials have not yet been able to tally the damages, as investigators have been instructed to hold off on their work until engineers declare the building safe to enter, according to The Guardian. However, one official told The Guardian that an estimated 90 percent of the museum’s artifacts have been damaged or destroyed.

In the case of the meteorites, it should come as no surprise that these space rocks seem to be resilient in the midst of a raging fire. Meteors, or fragments of asteroids that enter Earth’s atmosphere, can reach temperatures of about 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit (1,650 degrees Celsius) as they plunge through Earth’s atmosphere. This is hot enough to melt metals like iron and nickel found in many meteorites, but the temperatures inside a burning building don’t get quite as high.  Source: Brazil’s Biggest Meteorite Survives Museum-Destroying Fire

Read previous post:
Jupiter Has An Extra Magnetic Pole!

 When NASA's Juno spacecraft reached Jupiter in 2016, planetary scientists...

China’s Push To Reach The Far Side Of The Moon

It has been almost 50 years since humans first stepped...

Photos – Saturn’s Mysterious Hexagon – Water In Jupiter’s Red Spot

Planets are so darn cool, and we’re lucky to have...

Close